The Battle of Utoy Creek was fought August 4 –7, 1864, during the Atlanta Campaign of the American Civil War. Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's Union armies had partially encircled the city of Atlanta, Georgia, which was being held by Confederate forces under the command of General John Bell Hood. Sherman had at this point adopted a strategy of attacking the railroad lines into Atlanta, hoping to cut off his enemies' supplies. This was the third direct attack on Confederate positions during the campaign and the effect of success would have ended the siege and won Atlanta on 6 August 1864.

After failing to envelop Hood's left flank at the Battle of Ezra Church, Sherman still wanted to extend his right flank to hit the railroad between East Point and Atlanta. He transferred Maj. Gen. John M. Schofield's XXIII Corps USAArmy of the Ohio from his left to his right flank and sent him to the north bank of Utoy Creek. Although Schofield’s troops were at Utoy Creek on August 2, they, along with the XIV Corps, Army of the Cumberland, did not cross until August 4. An initial attack against Andersons Division CSA of SD Lees Corps was unsucessful by the Regular Brigade. In addition the Confederates dismounted a brigade of Cavalry, Armstrong's in the front of the federals in a deception plan, feinting attack that was successful in delaying the combined force of the XXIII and XIV Corps USA. Schofield made an additional movement to exploit this situation on the morning of August 5. Although initially successful, Schofield had to regroup his forces, which took the rest of the day. The delay allowed the Confederates to strengthen their defenses with abatis, which slowed the Union attack when it restarted on the morning of August 6. The Federals were repulsed with heavy losses by William B. Bate's division and failed in an attempt to break the main defenses to gain the railroad. On August 7, the Union troops moved toward the Confederate main line skermishing and extending to their right and entrenched. Several attacks were made at Sandtown Road (Campbellton at Adams Park) on 10 August and East Point on 18 August. Here US Forces remained, as far south as the Atlanta Christian College, until late August 1864 when the failure of Schofields Corps and offensive operations convinced Sherman to move on the Confederate lines of communication and supply.

PVT Samuel Gremshaw of the XIV Army Corps, USA was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for his actions against a Confederate Artillery Battery along the Sandtown (Cascase Road) during the main attack on 6 August 1864.

PVT Van Ralte was nominated for CMH the recovery of the Unit Colors of the 25th Mishigan Infantry, Hascalls Division, XXIII Army Corps, USA. The Federal Colors were captured by the Confederates of Armstrongs Brigade of Cavalry dismounted as infantry.

The Confederate Corps Commander, Lt General Steven D. Lee cited Bates Division and especially Tylers and Lewis's Brigades for the repulse of a superior enemy force, capture of 200 prisoners and three stands of Colors.

Battle of Utoy Creek
Part of the American Civil War
Date August 5–7, 1864
Location Fulton County, Georgia
Result Inconclusive
United States United States (Union) Confederate States of America CSA (Confederacy)
Commanders and leaders
William T. Sherman
John M. Schofield
John Bell Hood
William B. Bate
Army of the Ohio
XIV Corps
Army of Tennessee
Casualties and losses
400 225